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Spanish through time. An Introduction

Klein-Andreu, Flora

Published by LINCOM, 2010
ISBN 10: 3895864307 / ISBN 13: 9783895864308
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Bibliographic Details

Title: Spanish through time. An Introduction

Publisher: LINCOM

Publication Date: 2010

Binding: Softcover

Book Condition: Neu

Dust Jacket Condition: Neu

Edition: 1. Auflage


Spanish through time is an introduction to the development of the Spanish language, designed for readers with little or no prior experience in linguistics. It therefore stresses explanation of the workings of language and its development over time: They are viewed as attibutable to characteristics of human speakers, in particular social and historical circumstances, as illustrated by the history of Spanish. The development of Spanish from Latin is presented divided into three broad periods--"Vulgar Latin", Castilian, and Spanish--characterized by specific linguistic developments and the historical circumstances in which they occurred. In each case the mechanics of particular language changes are explained in detail, in everyday terms. Emphasis is on the more general developments that differentiate, first, various Romance languages, and finally different current varieties of Castilian-- Peninsular and Atlantic (American). Evidence is also presented for the chronology of some major changes, so as to familiarize the reader with traditional linguistic reasoning. The presentation is designed to be covered in a normal semester or trimester unit, and is based on the author's experience teaching the subject for more than twenty years in U.S. Universities. Contents: Preface List of maps List of figures Phonetic symbols used Abbreviations l. Introduction: On language and language change 1.1 Conditions that affect language and its development 1.2 Why languages can change 1.3 What changes is how we talk Part I: ROMANCE 2. Spanish as a Romance language: theory and evidence 2.1 Theoretical evidence: comparative reconstruction 2.2 The historical evidence: the Roman Empire 2.3 Rome in Iberia 3. ‘Vulgar Latin’ 3.1 Classical vs. Vulgar Latin 3.1.1 Popular vs. ‘learnèd’ words 3.1.2 Doublets 3.2 Evidence of Vulgar Latin 3.2.1 Literary imitations of ordinary speech 3.2.2 Attempts at correction 3.2.3 Inscriptions 3.2.4 Early Christian writings 3.3 Characteristics of Spanish and other differences among Romance languages 3.3.1 Substratum influence Celtic Basque 3.3.2 Chronological difference 4. Vulgar Latin Lexicon 4.1 Borrowings and calques 4.1.1 Celtic 4.1.2 Germanic 4.1.3 Greek 4.2 Derivation 4.2.1 Diminutives 4.2.2 Other derivations 4.3 More changes in use 5. Developments in grammar 5.1 Syntactic (analytic) vs. Morphological (synthetic) expression 5.1.1 Replacement of adverbial –e by mente 5.1.2 Comparatives and superlatives 5.1.3 The Romance future and conditional tenses 5.1.4 The passive 5.1.5 The Romance ‘perfect’ tenses 5.1.6 Loss of morphological case endings 5.1.7 Latin demonstratives and their descendants 5.2 Summary of main points 6. Another word on words and reinterpretations 6.1 Descent of Spanish words from Latin Accusatives, and some exceptions 6.1.1 The weekdays 6.1.2 Reanalysis of plurals as singulars (and vice versa) 6.2 Understanding reanalysis 6.2.1 A lexical example 7. The production of speech sounds, and the sounds of Classical Latin 7.1 Essentials of articulation 7.2. Degree of obstruction (closure) of the vocal tract: vowels vs. consonants 7.2.1 Degree of obstruction among vowels 7.2.2 Place of articulation 7.2.3 Duration (length) 7.3 Syllables 7.4 Stress 7.5 Consonants 7.5.1 The most closed articulations: stops 7.5.2 Voicing 7.5.3 Fricatives and sibilants 7.5.4 Nasals 7.5.5 Liquids (lateral [l] and tap [r]) 7.5.6 Glides (semi-consonants) 7.5.7 The aspirate [h] 7.5.8 Length in consonants: geminates 8. Early changes in consonants 8.1 Sound change and phonetic context 8.2 Simple developments 8.3 A development with multiple consequences: distinctive stress 8.3.1 Loss of intertonic vowels 8.3.2 Change in syllabification of vowel sequences 8.3.3 Vocalization of first consonant in clusters 8.4 Increase in frequency of palatal glide [y] (‘yod’). Assimilation. 8.4.1 Effect of ‘yod’ on consonants etc. --- LINCOM Coursebooks in Linguistics 18. 209pp. Bookseller Inventory # B-9783895864308

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