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Title: From Space to Time
Publication Date: 1997
Book Condition: Neu
Dust Jacket Condition: Gut
Edition: 1. Auflage
About this title
The relation between space and time has fascinated linguists and philosophers for a long time. That temporal relations are derived from spatial relations in many languages through conceptual metaphor is a commonplace, but systematic studies of this phenomenon were lacking. In this important new book, the author investigates grammatical markers of simple (non-clausal) time adverbials in a world-wide sample of 50 languages (with an unavoidable emphasis on European languages), presents a taxonomy of the systematic types of time adverbials and formulates typological generalizations about the adverbial markers (mainly adpositions and cases). For the first time, a cross-linguistically applicable terminological grid for time adverbials is developed that makes comparative research in this area possible. The results comfirm the expectation that temporal notions overwhelmingly derive from spatial notions, in particular markers of temporal location (e.g. in March, before the meal, after the war). In fact, there are no languages that do not make use of spatial concepts for the expression of time at all, and speculations (originating in Benjamin L. Whorf's work on Hopi) that cultures differ fundamentally in their conceptualization of time are thereby refuted definively. However, not all temporal concepts are expressed by spatial markers, and temporal markers do show a tendency to become autonomous from their spatial sources. Thus, there is little linguistic evidence for the full conceptual unity of space and time. Additional issues dealt with in this typological study are the role of deixis in temporal adverbial markers, alternatives to simple time markes where these are lacking, and grammaticalization as an explanatory factor.
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