Twelve sheets measuring 230 x 284 mm., comprising six maps, five illustrated sheets, and single hemispheric diagram of the earth with two attached circular discs; all with original contemporary handcolouring; a fine set in original folding red cloth portfolio with front board gilt lettered "Geographical Diagrams" Curious portfolio of twelve handcoloured sheets revealing the world to an enlightened public, with fine maps alongside illustrated plates of animals, people, waterfalls, mountains and other geographical phenomena, with a deal of the fine lettering adorning the sheets concerns Australia and New Zealand. For example, the Tidal Chart features a fine small engraved text explaining 'the tide wave taking its rise in the great polar ocean to the south of New Holland?' while the Botanical Map celebrates the diversity of Australian flora, a 'region of gum trees, acacias, ferns, &c' totalling some '4100 species, less than 100 are found in Europe'. The Pacific islands are marked as the home of bread fruit trees, cocoa nut trees and yams, while New Zealand is the home of flax. Likewise the Zoological Map describes Australia as 'District of the Kangaroo, Emu, Cockatoo, Black Swan, Opossum and Porcupine Ant Eaters'. One of the illustrated sheets, titled The Principal Varieties of Mankind, depicts Tasmanian and South Australian Aboriginal subjects; and three Polynesians including men of New Zealand and Hawaii. Much of its charm lies in the creative combination of formal cartography and other modes of knowledge into appealing visual displays. The publisher James Reynolds (1817-1876), was a bookseller and copperplate printer who operated from the Strand for forty years. By the mid-nineteenth century his business was strong and Reynolds employed four printers and various family members. These plates were skilfully engraved by John Emslie, who was also employed by the Arrowsmiths. Both Emslie and Reynolds were elected members of the Royal Geographical Society, reflecting a lifelong commitment to cartographic excellence.Each of the maps and diagrams was separately printed over a two year period from 1849-1851. All twelve sheets are beautifully preserved in the original folding cloth case. A full listing of contents as follows:Maps:Physical Map of the World from the Discoveries of the Most Eminent Modern Geographers. Air temperature shown in isotherms with the equatorial zenith coloured red, air currents marked with arrows, summer and winter range of artic ice coloured pale green;Distribution of the Currents of Air [with] Meteorological Map Showing the Distribution of the Rain over the World;Ethnological Map Showing the Distribution of the Human Race. With inset map of the prevailing religions of the world (revealing that most of the globe remains 'pagan'); and an illustration of the skulls of the world, using the fivefold racial division originally expounded by Blumenbach (Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, Malay and American);Physical Map of the British Isles and Surrounding Seas. Shaded to show ocean depth, with an inset British meteorological chart;Tidal Chart of the World Showing the Progress of the Wave of High Water [with] Botanical Map Showing the Distribution of Plants and their Cultivation Over the World. First map charts the movement of a tidal wave, second rich in detail about distribution of both wild plants and crops;Zoological Map Showing the Distribution of Animals [with] The Distribution of Birds and Reptiles. Both with inset perpendicular diagrams of exaggerated mountains marked with the species at respective altitudes;Geographical Diagram of the Earth Adapted for Illustrating it's Movements. With two separately printed handcoloured circular discs attached with neat string ties, each being the northern and southern hemispheres respectively; with a view to calculating axial motion, differences of time and date, etcetera. Illustrated sheets:Mountains. Exaggerated schematic diagram, divided into geographical zones, and also i. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Geographical Diagrams
Publisher: James Reynolds
Publication Date: 1851
Book Condition: In fine condition.
Book Description James Reynolds, London, 1851. Hard Back. Condition: Fair/good. John Emslie (illustrator). First Edition. Original hard back covers gilt embossed Geographical Diagrams detached, no spine, some sunning to edges. Contents of 19 loose cards (loose as issued), in good condition, some with very minimal dirt to some. Originally there were 2 sets of 12. published between 1846 & 1864. There are 5 dated 1846, 1849, 2 of 1850 & 1851, the rest are not dated. The 9 Astronomical diagrams are The Sun and solar phenomena. Transparent diagram of the phases of the Moon. Transparent diagram of the Comparative Magnitudes of the Planets. Telescopic appearance of the Moon. The Earth and Its Atmosphere. Comets and Aerolites. 2 diagrams on one plate. Showing eclipse of the Moon and eclipse of the Sun, and the Theory of Tides. Text at the bottom gives a fuller explanation of the theory of tides. Diagram of Meteorology, displaying the various phenomena of the atmosphere (with explanation of Meteorological phenomena to rear). The Theory of the Seasons and Signs of the Zodiac . The 10 Geological diagrams are; Geographical Diagram of the Earth, Mountains. Panoramic plan of the principal Rivers and Lakes, 2 maps of the world on one sheet; Distribution of the Currents of the Air, showing prevailing and variable winds around the world, and the Distribution of the Rain, illustrating global rainfall patterns. Includes explanations and notes , 2 maps of the world on one sheet. Tidal chart of the world & Distribution of plants, Zoological Map Showing The distribution of Animals &The Distribution of Birds and Reptiles. Ethnographical Map Showing the Distribution of the Human Race, The Principal Varieties of Mankind. Physical Map of The British Isles and the Surrounding Seas. Comparative View of The Principal Buildings in the World. They were drawn and engraved by John Emslie 1813 – 1875. Not sure, if just published in sets but seems most likely many of the cards were published separately on different dates as BL and other sites date them as 1846-1851 giving the impression they were published at different times between 1846 & 1851. Not to be confused by later editions that were printed on pages. At time of listing could not find another copy for sale, just odd cards, some advertised for between £20 to well over £100 each card. Although not complete a very rare item. Size: 24 x 29cm. Approx. Seller Inventory # 002565