Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism: Scripts and Script Fading (Topics in Autism)

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9781890627324: Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism: Scripts and Script Fading (Topics in Autism)
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Scripting is a teaching method designed to help children and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), who are nonverbal or who are verbal but don't initiate conversation, to initiate conversation. The authors draw on years of experience using scripts in their own clinic, and include many case studies that show how scripts have worked. The book defines scripts as “an audiotape or written word, phrase, or sentence that enables young people with autism to use speech to start and continue conversations.” At first a child is taught to play the recording of a word for an adult, and then get a reaction from the adult. (e.g., if he plays the script “juice,” the adult will give him a sip of juice or if he plays the script “ball,” the adult will play ball with him). Later on, the child is taught to play the script and then say the word himself (and get the reward from the adult). As the child becomes better at talking, scripts are lengthened to become phrases --“want juice” or “play ball” --- and then sentences. And once the child can read, scripts are written instead of recorded. As the child masters sets of scripts, the adult begins to diminish (“fade”) the prompts. If the script was recorded, words are gradually deleted from the recording. (e.g., if the script started out saying, “Where is mom?” they will re-record it so it just says “Where is –“and then “Where ---?” At this point, the child should fill in the blanks.

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Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism A script is an audiotaped or written word, phrase, or sentence that often reflects the children's preferences and interests. This title describes scripts that parents and teachers can use to help children learn to initiate conversation, thereby improving communication. Full description

Synopsis:

This book describes scripts that parents and teachers can use to help children learn to initiate conversation, thereby improving communication. The authors have successfully used scripts and script-fading techniques based on their clinical observations and research, and founded on applied behaviour analysis principles. The authors begin by thoroughly explaining the script and script-fading processes and include many examples to support the instructions. A script is an audiotaped or written word, phrase, or sentence that often reflects the child's preferences and interests. For very young children and non-readers, scripts are paired with pictures of desired objects or activities. The process starts when a child engages in conversation with an interaction partner by reading a script or playing it on an audio card reader to start the conversation (e.g., "I like yogurt"). The partner supports the conversation with a response (e.g., "Yogurt is good," or "You had yogurt for lunch"). After the child masters a few scripts, the script-fading process begins. The last word of the script is removed, then the next to last, and so on, until the script is absent.

After scripts have been introduced and faded, many children learn to spontaneously initiate and pursue social interaction. This book demonstrates that scripts are a valuable tool to improve interaction for children and even adolescents and adults. Use scripts at home, in school, in the workplace, and in the community.

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