Operations Research: An Introduction

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9780132729154: Operations Research: An Introduction

Appropriate for a variety of junior and senior undergraduate and first year graduate courses in operations research. Among these courses are Industrial Engineering, Business Administration, Statistics, Computer Science, and Mathematics.

Major revision is designed to meet the needs of beginning through advanced students with an emphasis placed on the formulation and applications aspects. Provides balanced coverage of theory, applications and computations of operations research techniques. Numerical examples are main vehicle for explaining new ideas with each numeric example followed by a set of problems. TORA and SIMNET software included in text. More than 1,000 problems.

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From the Back Cover:

Operations Research: An Introduction

 

Eighth Edition

 

Hamdy A. Taha

 

This eighth edition streamlines the presentation of text material, providing a balanced coverage of the theory, applications, and computations of operations research. Complex mathematical concepts are explained by means of carefully designed examples. Practical applications are presented using multitudes of examples, targeted problems, fully developed case analyses, and case studies, all borrowed from situations published in the literature. Computations are supported throughout the text both at the commercial level (using AMPL®, Solver, and Excel®) and at the tutorial level (using the popular and user-friendly TORA™).

 

New Text Material:

 

·        Chapter 2 is dedicated entirely to formulating linear programming models, with new applications in urban renewal, currency arbitrage, investments, production planning, and blending.  New end-of-section problems deal with topics ranging from water quality management and traffic control to warfare.

·        Chapter 3 presents the general LP sensitivity analysis, including dual prices and reduced costs, as a direct extension of the simplex tableau computations.

·        Chapter 4 is now dedicated to LP post-optimal analysis based on duality.

·        A combined nearest neighbor-reversal heuristic (with generic Excel implementation) is presented for the traveling salesperson problem in Chapter 9.

·        Markov chains treatment has been expanded into a new Chapter 17.

·        The totally new Chapter 24 on the CD presents 15 fully developed real-life applications with summaries given in pertinent chapters.  The analysis, which often cuts across more than one OR technique (e.g., heuristics and LP, or ILP and queuing), deals with the modeling, data collection, and computational aspects of solving the problem (CD-ROM only). 

·        The new Appendix E on the CD includes approximately 50 mini cases of real-life situations. 

·        More than 1000 end-of-section problem are included in the book.

·        Each chapter starts with a guide that facilitates the understanding of the material and the effective use of the accompanying software.

·        All computer-related material has been deliberately compartmentalized in subsections to minimize disruptions in the main presentation of the book.


 

New Software Implementations:

 

·        AMPL, the widely-used commercial modeling language, is integrated throughout the book with examples from linear/nonlinear/integer programming and networks.  The examples also demonstrate AMPL’s superior interactive capabilities for model experimentation. 

·        To facilitate learning the language, AMPL’s full syntax is given in Appendix A and cross-referenced in the book examples.

·        Excel spreadsheet implementations include dynamic programming, traveling salesperson, inventory, AHP, Bayes’ probabilities, “electronic” statistical tables, queuing, simulation, Markov chains, and nonlinear programming.  Interactive user input in some spreadsheets is designed to promote better understanding of the underlying techniques. 

·        The use of Excel Solver has been expanded, particularly in the areas of linear, network, integer, and nonlinear programming. 

·        TORA continues to play the key role of tutorial software.

 

On the CD-ROM

 

·        AMPL language (student version) with numerous fully developed models.

·        TORA, the updated and easy-to-use tutorial optimization system.

·        Numerous fully-developed AMPL models.

·        General ready-to-use Excel spreadsheet templates.

·        Numerous fully-developed Excel Solver models.

·        Four supplemental chapters and two appendixes.

 

Pearson Prentice Hall

Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458

 

www.prenhall.com

 

ISBN: 0-13-188923-0

From the Back Cover:

This seventh edition continues to build on the strength of the first six editions, providing balanced coverage of the theory, applications, and computations of operations research. Complex mathematical concepts are effectively explained by means of carefully designed numerical examples, essentially eliminating the need for the usually obscure formal mathematical proofs. The book includes fully analyzed practical situations and each chapter concludes with summary applications borrowed from published case studies. The role of modern computational tools in enhancing the effectiveness of operations research as a decision-making tool receives considerable attention in this new edition.

New for the Seventh Edition:

  • Practically every algorithm in the book is now supported and explained by an appropriate software tool, greatly facilitating the process of explaining concepts that otherwise would be difficult, if not impossible, to demonstrate.
  • The powerful Windows®-based TORA software offers new and unique tutorial features, ranging from animated graphical LP solution to dynamic construction of CPM time charts and generation of branch-and-bound search trees.
  • For the first time, Excel® templates are designed to solve general problems in dynamic programming, inventory problems, and the analytic hierarchy approach, simply by changing the input data in the template.
  • Excel® Solver is used to solve transportation, network, and linear and nonlinear programming problems.
  • Commercial AMPL® and LINGO® packages are used to show how very large linear and integer programs are solved in practice.
  • Chapters 1 through 14, 17, and 18 have been streamlined to eliminate ambiguity and redundancy in the presentation of the material.
  • New material includes a new introduction to operations research, the generalized simplex method, representation of all network models, including CPM, as linear programs, PERT networks,solution of the traveling salesperson problem, and the golden section method.
  • Numerous new problems have been added in many chapters.
  • Appendix D provides complete solutions to selected chapter problems.

Software Support:

  • Easy-to-use menu-driven TORA optimization system.
  • Over 20 general and ready-to-use Excel® spreadsheet templates.
  • Several Excel® Solver templates.
  • Example applications of the commercial packages AMPL® and LINGO®.

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