Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management

9780080974156: Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management

The Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) paradigm has been worldwide recognized as the only feasible way currently available to ensure a sustainable perspective in planning and managing water resource systems. It is the inspiring principle of the Water Framework Directive, adopted by the European Union in 2000, as well as the main reference for all the water related activity of UNESCO in the third world countries. However, very often, real world attempts of implementing IWRM fail for the lack of a systematic approach and the inadequacy of tools and techniques adopted to address the intrinsically complex nature of water systems. This book explores recent and important contributions of System Analysis and Control Theory to the technical application of such paradigm and to the improvement of its theoretical basis. Its prior aim is to demonstrate how the modelling and computational difficulties posed by this paradigm might be significantly reduced by strengthening the efficiency of the solution techniques, instead of weakening the integration requirements. The first introductory chapter provides the reader with a logical map of the book, by formalizing the IWRM paradigm in a nine-step decisional procedure and by identifying the points where the contribution of System Analysis and Control Theory is more useful. The book is then organized in three sections whose chapters analyze some theoretical and mathematical aspects of these contributions or presents design applications. The outstanding research issues on the border between System Analysis and IWRM is depicted in the last chapter, where a pull of scientists and experts, coordinated by Prof. Tony Jakeman describe the foreseeable scenario. The book is based on the most outstanding contributions to the IFAC workshop on Modelling and Control for Participatory Planning and Managing Water Systems held in Venice, September 28- October 1, 2004.

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From the Back Cover:

The Integrated Water Resources Management paradigm has entered
the lexicon of water managers and stakeholders as the mainstream approach
to the planning and management of water resource systems. It is the central
pillar of the EU Water Framework Directive, which is widely accepted as the
most significant piece of water legislation produced in the past 20 years,
as well as the inspiring principle of all the water related activities
sponsored by many international organizations in developing countries.
However, despite huge inputs of financial resources, implementation of full
IWRM remains elusive in most of the cases owing to the lack of a systematic
approach and the inadequacy of tools and techniques to address the
intrinsically complex nature of water resource systems.

This book explores recent and important contributions of System Analysis
and Control Theory to the technical application of such paradigm and to the
improvement of its theoretical basis. Its prior aim is to demonstrate how
the modelling and computational difficulties posed by this paradigm might
be significantly reduced by strengthening the efficiency of the solution
techniques, instead of weakening the integration requirements.

In order to emphasize the role of System Analysis and Control Theory
methodologies as different stages of an integrated, multi-objective
approach to planning and management, within a participatory decision-making
prospective, the book is composed of three parts, Modelling, Managing and
Planning, plus an opening and a closing chapter. The introductory chapter
formalizes the IWRM paradigm in a nine-step decision-making procedure that
provides the reader with a conceptual map of the book and shows the value
of its subject matter. Each part is opened by an invited contribution from
an outstanding scientist in the field: Prof. Peter Young from Lancaster
University, UK, Prof. Aris Georgakakos from GeorgiaTech, USA, and Prof.
Slobodan Simonovic from Western Ontario University, Canada. Present and
future research directions on the border between System Analysis and IWRM
are surveyed in the chapter that closes the volume, where a pool of
scientists and experts, coordinated by Prof. Anthony Jakeman from the
Australian National University, suggests a research agenda to achieve
sustainable (environmental, economic and social) outcomes in the
implementation of the IWRM paradigm.

About the Author:

Andrea Castelletti received a MS degree in Environmental Engineering and a PhD in Information Engineering from Politecnico di Milano, Italy, in 1999 and 2005. He is Assistant Professor of Modelling and Control of Environmental Systems in the same university. His main research interests focus on modelling and control of water resource systems and Decision Support System design. Rodolfo Soncini-Sessa received his PhD on System Analysis at Politecnico di Milano, Italy in 1972; he was with the Water Group of the International Institute for System Analysis (IIASA) several times since 1975 and thought Water Management in some Italian Universities before being full professor of Natural Resources Management at the Politecnico di Milano. He is chair of the IFAC TC on Modelling & Control of Environmental Systems, and in the Editorial Boards of Water International and Journal of Environmental Modelling and Software. His main research interests are in the design of DSS for participatory decision making in the area of water resources.

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