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Imperial College Street(Chinese Edition)

WU ZHI YOU ZHU

ISBN 10: 7200111848 / ISBN 13: 9787200111842
New Condition: New Soft cover
From liu xing (JiangSu, JS, China)

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Language:Chinese.Paperback. Pub Date: 2015-06-01 Pages: 176 Publisher: Beijing Publishing House Imperial College Street. also known as Yin Street. located in the northern part of Beijing Dongcheng District. in the street because of the famous landmarks Confucius Temple and Imperial College named. Imperial Academy Street East Yonghe official street. Andingmen West Street. Beijing Imperial Academy. also known as Imperial College or National. it is the Yuan. Ming and Qing dynasties Imperial Coll. Bookseller Inventory # CX015736

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Title: Imperial College Street(Chinese Edition)

Binding: paperback

Book Condition: New

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Synopsis:

国子监街又称成贤街,位于北京市东城区北部,因街内有著名的标志性建筑孔庙和国子监而得名。国子监街东起雍和官大街,西至安定门内大街。北京国子监,又称"太学"或"国学",它是元、明、清三朝太学旧址,是封建时代的*高学府,同时也是掌管国学政令的机关和国家教育的管理机构。吴志友编著的《国子监街》图文并茂,通俗讲述了自元代以来国子监街沿线的历史变迁。从元世祖忽必烈于至元二十四年(1287年)划定大都庙学之地起,到元大德六年(1302年)成宗铁穆耳批准并大规模营建孔庙与国子监,历经元明清三代,国子监街(成贤街)形成已达730多年,它蕴含丰富的历史与人文,见证时代的岁月与变迁,诉说着往事与今朝......吴志友编著的《国子监街》图文并茂,通俗讲述了自元代以来国子监街沿线的历史变迁。二、国子监的建筑1.辟雍辟雍一词源自于3000多年前的周代,中国*早的诗歌总集《诗经》中曾多次出现。《诗经·大雅·灵台》:"於论鼓钟,於乐辟鹰。鼍鼓逢逢,蒙瞍奏公。"《诗经·大雅·文王有声》:"镐京辟鹰,自西自东,自南自北,无思不服,皇王忝哉!考卜维王,宅是镐京。""於乐辟鹿""镐京辟廊",辟鹿即辟雍,这是明言辟雍的。《诗经·大雅·灵台》描写了周王修建灵台,"於乐辟鹰",在辟雍奏乐。《诗经·大雅·文王有声》赞颂文王迁都丰京,武王迁都镐京。郑玄笺释"镐京辟雍,自西自东,自南自北,无思不服"云:"武王于镐京行辟雍之礼,自四方来观者,皆感化其德,心无不归服。"辟雍是周天子行礼仪,宣教化的场所。《诗经》也有很多语句间接写辟雍的。《诗经·大雅。思齐》:"雍雍在宫,肃肃在庙。"《郑笺》:"宫谓辟雍宫也。"《诗经·周颂。振鹭》:"振鹭于飞,于彼西雍。"《郑笺》:"白鸟集于西雍之泽。"言云集于辟雍之学士皆高洁之人也。《诗经》中的辟雍被描绘为一个四周为水环绕的场所,周天子及贵族在此钟鼓奏乐,和谐融洽。在《礼记·王制》中明确提出辟雍为天子之学:"天子命之教,然后为学。小学在公宫南之左,大学在郊。天子日辟雍,诸侯日泮宫。"《白虎通·辟雍》解辟雍、泮宫云:"大学者,辟雍,乡射之宫。......天子立辟雍何?辟雍所以行礼乐,宣德化也。辟者,璧也,象璧圆,以法天也。雍者,雍之以水,象教化流行也。辟之言积也,积天下之道德。雍之为言壅也,天下之仪则,故谓之辟雍也。......诸侯日泮宫者,半于天子宫也。明尊卑有差,所化少也。半者,象磺也。独南面礼仪之方有水耳,其余壅之言垣,宫名之别尊卑也。"这里对辟雍和泮宫做以详细解释:辟雍为天子之学,行礼乐、宣德化之地,圜水围绕形如圆璧,效法天圆;泮宫为诸侯之学,半水围绕形如玉璜。《白虎通》对辟雍、泮宫不仅描绘了外形,*表现了周代天子、诸侯之间的尊卑差异:天子之学为圜水,诸侯之学为半水。此种解释普遍为后世学者接受和认同。近年来在陕西西安考古发掘出辟雍遗址,根据建筑形制以及遗址所在方位,考古学家推断它是西汉元始四年(4年)建造的辟雍。东汉光武中元元年(56年),在洛阳修建辟雍,行射礼。关于东汉辟雍的情况张衡在《东京赋》中有所描述:"春日载阳,合射辟雍。""造舟清池,惟水侠袂,左制辟雍,右立灵台。"东汉辟雍仍然是行大射礼之处,根据周制,其建筑形式依然是四周为池泽,中间筑宫室。19

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