Arare first edition showing the ruins of the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra in 1753 has sold for £10,350. The Ruins of Palmyra, otherwise Tedmor, in the Desart by Robert Wood and James Dawkins contains numerous illustrations, including a stunning folding panoramic plate offering a dramatic view of the ruined city in the 18th century. This book contained valuable historic information even before Islamic State forces destroyed sections of Palmyra in 2015. One plate oddly shows Wood and Dawkins arriving at the ancient site dressed in togas - the Romans were one of the later civilisations to take control of Palmyra. The book features three full-page engravings of inscriptions in text and 57 full-page engraved plates. This copy once belonged to the Marquis of Stafford and contains his bookplate. Our top 10 sales for this period also includes an encyclopedia, a book of sermons, two important books from Rene Descartes, a classic from JD Salinger, surrealist art, and the book that gave us Hamlet.
1. Speculum Historiale
by Vincent of Beauvais- £15,134
Published in 1473, this was a major encyclopedia during the Middle Ages, written by a Dominican friar Vincent of Beauvais (ca.1190 - ca.1264). The "Speculum Maius" (Great Mirror) was composed of three parts: "Speculum Naturale" (Mirror of Nature), covering natural history; "Speculum Doctrinale" (Mirror of Doctrine), dealing with the arts and sciences; and "Speculum Historiale," containing the history of the world up to Vincent's time.
2. Les Passions de L'ame
by Rene Descartes - £14,011
Published in 1649, this first edition in bound in full vellum. This book (The Passions of the Soul) was the last work published during Descartes' lifetime and offers a brief psychological treatise on human nature. The first edition was written in French, printed in the Netherlands, and distributed simultaneously in Paris and Amsterdam. Descartes examines the relationship between the consciousness of the soul and the mechanism of the body, and makes important observations on how this duality effects the nature of voluntary and involuntary actions. This book contains the first description of the reflex function.
3. Quadragesimale Aureum
by Leonardo de Utino - £12,823
A collection of 42 sermons published in 1471, printed in Venice.
4. Principia Philosophiae + Specimina Philosophiae
by Rene Descartes -£11,637
Two books bound in one volume. Published in Amsterdam in 1644 and bound in vellum, this is a rare first edition of Descartes' main work on physics, the seminal "Principles of Philosophy". It is in this groundbreaking work that the "Cogito ergo sum" ("I think, therefore I am") appears for the first time in the form in which we know it today.
5. The Catcher in the Rye by JD Salinger - £11,208
A 1951 first edition first printing.
6. Actes and Monuments (Foxe's Book of Martyrs)
by John Foxe - £10,408
Two volumes bound in one, printed in 1753. This is the sixth overall edition of Foxe's Protestant history first published in 1563. Outside the bible, no other book influenced Protestant life more than this one. It's famous for depicting scenes of martyrdom at the hands of Catholics.
7. The Ruins of Palmyra, otherwise Tedmor, in the Desart
by Robert Wood & James Dawkins- £10,349
A rare first edition showing the ruins of the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra in 1753. There are many images of this gorgeous book to see on the AbeBooks Flickr account.
8. Carmen des Carmen
by Prosper Merimée & Louis Aragon, illustrated by Pablo Picasso - £10,106
Five original plates by Picasso, three aquatint etchings, one drypoint etching and one coloured lithograph all numbered in pencil. Aragon was a French poet and one of the leading voices of France's surrealist movement.
9. The Whole Works of Homer
Privately printed in London for Nathaniell Butler circa 1616, translated from Greek by Geo. Chapman.
10. Danorum Regum
by Saxo Grammaticus- £9,155
Saxo Grammaticus (c.1150 - c.1220) was a Danish historian, theologian and author. He is the author of the first full history of Denmark. No manuscript of his original work exists. This edition, published in 1514, is attributed to the editor Christiern Pedersen and is the earliest known printed edition of Saxo's work. Written Latin, Saxo's history contains the first written details of the legend of Amleth, which Shakespeare used as the basis for Hamlet.