Portrait engraving of Miss Jennings (Sarah Churchill or Frances Talbot, Duchess of Tyrconnel?).

JENNINGS, Miss.

From Krul Antiquarian Books (Hoofddorp, Netherlands)

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E. & S. Harding Pall Mall, ca. 1795. Engraved by P.W.Tomkins, S. Harding del., from an original picture by Verelet, 1792, 22 x 14 cm in passe-partout. Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns, spelt Jennings in most modern references),[2] Duchess of Marlborough (5 June 1660 (old style) - 18 October 1744) rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain. Sarah's friendship and influence with Princess Anne was widely known, and leading public figures often turned their attentions to her in the hope that she would influence Anne to comply with requests. As a result, by the time Anne became queen, Sarah s knowledge of government, and intimacy with the Queen, had made her a powerful friend and a dangerous enemy. - Sarah enjoyed a "long and devoted" relationship with her husband of more than 40 years, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. She acted as Anne's agent after the latter's father, James II, was deposed during the Glorious Revolution; and she promoted her interests during the rule of James's successors, William III and Mary II. When Anne came to the throne after William's death in 1702, the Duke of Marlborough, together with Sidney Godolphin, the first Earl of Godolphin, rose to head the government, partly owing to his wife's friendship with the Queen. While the Duke was out of the country commanding troops in the War of the Spanish Succession, Sarah kept him informed of court intrigue, while he sent her requests and political advice, which she would then convey to the Queen. Sarah tirelessly campaigned on behalf of the Whigs, while also devoting much of her time to building projects such as Blenheim Palace. She died in 1744 at the age of eighty-four. - A strong-willed woman who liked to get her own way, Sarah tried the Queen's patience whenever she disagreed with her on political, court or church appointments. After her final break with Anne in 1711, Sarah and her husband were dismissed from the court, but she returned to favour under the Hanoverians following Anne's death. She had famous subsequent disagreements with many important people, including her daughter the second Duchess of Marlborough; the architect of Blenheim Palace, John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert Walpole; King George II; and his wife, Queen Caroline. The money she inherited from the Marlborough trust left her one of the richest women in Europe. (Wikipedia). - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Frances Talbot, Countess of Tyrconnel (née Jenyns, spelled Jennings in most modern references; c. 1647 - 9 March 1730) was a noteworthy figure at the English Restoration-era court, along with her younger sister, Sarah Jennings. Once a Maid of Honour to the Duchess of York, she was twice widowed and eventually died in poverty. - The daughter of Richard Jenyns and Frances Thornhurst, Frances was born at Sandridge, Hertfordshire, England. Her beauty earned her the nickname of "La Belle Jennings." Macaulay describes her as beautiful Fanny Jennings, the loveliest coquette in the brilliant Whitehall of the Restoration". In 1664, Frances was appointed maid of honour to the Duchess of York, Anne Hyde. Pepys records an incident in which she disguised herself as an orange seller, but was eventually recognised because of her expensive shoes. - In 1665, Frances married Sir George Hamilton, Comte de Hamilton, Maréchal de Camp, son of Sir George Hamilton, 1st Baronet and Mary Butler. - After Hamilton's death, Frances married an old suitor she had previously rejected, Richard Talbot in 1681. Talbot was later created Earl of Tyrconnel in the Irish peerage and subsequently Duke of Tyrconnel, although this last title was bestowed by James II after the Glorious Revolution and was not widely recognised. Nonetheless, Frances is frequently called Duchess of Tyrconnel. They had no children. - Her husband was appointed as Lord Deputy of Ireland and the couple lived in Dublin. Following his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne, the King fled to their home and was met by Frances. King James remarked, Your countrymen, madam, can run well . She replied Not quite so well as your majesty, for I see that you have won the race . - After her husband's death in 1691, Frances was reduced to poverty and for a while, she had a dressmaker s stall near the Royal Exchange. She dressed in white with her face covered by a white mask and was described as "the white milliner". In the 1840s, this was dramatized and performed as a play at Covent Garden. - Following the accession of Queen Anne, Frances (and her stepdaughter, Charlotte Talbot) had some of her husband s former property restored to them by act of parliament - presumably assisted by her sister s influence with the queen. She eventually retired to and died in the Poor Clares nunnery in Dublin. She was buried in St Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin. - A biography of Frances and her second husband - Little Jennings and Fighting Dick Talbot: A Life of the Duke and Duchess of Tyrconnel - by Philip Sergeant was published in 1913. (Wikipedia). KEYWORDS:united kingdom/maps. Bookseller Inventory # 55076

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Title: Portrait engraving of Miss Jennings (Sarah ...

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