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Person, Klasse, Kongruenz. Vol. 1/1

Schulz, Wolfgang

Published by LINCOM, 1998
ISBN 10: 3895861847 / ISBN 13: 9783895861840
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Title: Person, Klasse, Kongruenz. Vol. 1/1

Publisher: LINCOM

Publication Date: 1998

Binding: Softcover

Book Condition: Neu

Dust Jacket Condition: Gut

Edition: 1. Auflage


This series is devoted to the study of the basic morphosyntactic and morphosemantic features used in the about thirty East Caucasian languages to construe "simple sentences". The approach proposed here is derived from the theories of Cognitive and Functional Grammar and substantiated in terms of a "Grammar of Scenes and Scenarios" (GSS). This approach derives grammatical categories that are obligatory to produces an utterance both from their cognitive, functional, and communicative background as well as from the evidence given by language typology. The PKK series tries to analyze the grammar of all East Caucasian languages with respect to the prerogatives of GSS. The aim is to give an overall view of the operating systems dominating these languages as well as their assumed proto-language ("Proto-East Caucasian"). Consequently, the following aspects are treated volume by volume: Vol. 1.: Foundations of GSS and the East Caucasian (linguistic) area, vol. 2: The Person, vol. 3: Noun Classification, vol. 4: Case systems, vol. 5: Scenes and scenarios, vol. 6: Space and time, vol. 7: Modalization. In a more traditional mood, these volumes can be regarded as a contribution to a comparative syntax of East Caucasian. Vol. 1: Die Grundlagen. Teil 1&2 This first volume of the PKK series presents the theoretical prerogatives for a "Grammar of Scenes and Scenarios" (GSS) together with informations about the East Caucasian languages to which GSS is applied. GSS is a tool to describe and interpret "simple sentences" presupposing theories of holistic cognitivism, pragmatism, and connectionism. After some reflections about the state of the arts of cognitive and functional linguistics the basic concepts of a Categorial Typology as well as their reflexes in a GSS are subsequently introduced: Reviewing the problem of the cognitive reality of grammatical categories and paradigms themselves leads to some central claims concerning their relationship to linguistic and world knowledge and their use to produces utterances. In a second step the linguistic area dealt with is introduced: The notion of Areal Typology is discussed (introducing the notion of Cognitive and Communicative Areas which are - at least partly - present in language systems as well as in the lexicon). The area in question (Daghestan, Chechnia etc.) then is documented language by language together with some claims concerning their genetic relationship and informations about their general typological properties with respect to morphosyntax and morphosemantics. The third part of this volume concentrates on the concept of GSS itself . Among others, the following features are discussed: cognitive and communicative routines, operating systems, causality, ergative-accusative-continuum, semantic and functional hierarchies, grounding strategies, discourse cohesion devices etc.). The primarily deductive approach is substantiated and evaluated by evidences from formal and functional typology and diachrony. [written in German] ISBN 3895861847 (Teil 1) LINCOM Studies in Caucasian Linguistics 04. 360pp. 1998. ISBN 3895865524 (Teil 2). Bookseller Inventory # B-9783895861840

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Synopsis: The aim of this monograph is twofold: (1) to study the actual state of the Consecutio Temporum (Ct) in modern Spanish and see how the rules of the most recent Spanish grammar of the Real Academia Española (Esbozo de una nueva gramática de la lengua española, 1973) reflect that actual state of CT, and (2) to propose improvements and make those rules more precise. To study the actual state of CT in modern Spanish, the author has examined some 5,000 articles from twelve Spanish-language newspapers from seven Spanish-speaking countries. The compiled corpus of combinations of tenses proves that it is not sufficient to base the rules solely on the tense of the main verb because the main verb (V1) can combine with the subordinate verb (V2) almost in any tense. After considering the excerpts from the newspapers, it becomes evident that the main factor in selecting the tense for V2 is the lexical meaning of V1 which holds the information on how both verbs should temporarily combine. The temporal orientation conveyed by the lexical meaning of V1 can however be modified by a series of elements (temporal adverbs, level of privacy of V1, subject of V2, telicity of V2, eternal truth, etc.) that are implied in the sentence. Dr. Jerzy Kowal is an Assistant Professor of Hispanic Linguistics in the Department of Hispanic Studies at York University and works in the field of myths and realities of the Spanish Grammar. In addition to this publication, he has recently published in Hispanic Horizon an article on the myths and realities of use of the Spanish subjunctive.

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