About this Item
Quantity Available: 1
Title: Molecular characterization for non ...
Publisher: GRIN Verlag Sep 2015
Publication Date: 2015
Book Condition: Neu
About this title
Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Biology - Micro- and Molecular Biology, grade: -, , course: Influenza, language: English, abstract: Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 has been endemic in Egypt since 2006 and raised concern recently for its potential to evolve and be of highly transmissible among humans. Infection of HPAIV H5N1 has been described in experimentally challenged birds. However, pathogenicity of HPAIV H5N1, isolated in Egypt, has not been reported in naturally infected chickens and ducks, which could be unique due to distinct transmission routes and dosage of infection. Here we report a recent outbreak of HPAIV H5N1 in 2013, in commercial poultry farms in Sharkia Province, Egypt. The main symptoms were ecchymoses on the shanks and feet, cyanosis of the comb and wattles and subcutaneous edema of head and neck for chickens, and nervous signs (torticollis) for ducks. Within 48-72 hrs of the onset of illness, the average mortality rates were 22.8-30% and 28.5-40% in vaccinated chickens and non-vaccinated ducks, respectively. Tissue samples of chickens and ducks were collected for cross-section immunohistochemistry and realtime RT-PCR for specific viral RNA transcripts. Higher viral RNA transcripts were detected in tissues of chicken broilers and layers, including trachea, lung, spleen, intestine, brain, and serum, than those of ducks which have only viral RNA transcripts in trachea, lung, and liver tissues. In chickens, the highest viral RNA levels appeared to be in brain, trachea, and serum with significant differences detected between chicken broilers and layers in theses tissues in particular. Significant differences of the viral RNA were observed in trachea, lung, and liver tissues of ducks than those of chickens, indicating that HPAI H5N1 replicates with distinct tissue tropism between chickens and ducks. However, these samples from different birds cannot be compared because they came from natural outbreaks with uncert
"About this title" may belong to another edition of this title.
Allgemeine Geschäftsbedingungen (abebooks.de)
der Firma Agrios Buch- und Medienversand UG e.K. ,Geschäftsführer Ludwig Meier, De-Gasperi-Str. 8, 51469 Bergisch Gladbach nachstehend als Verkäufer bezeichnet.
§ 1 Allgemeines, Begriffsbestimmungen
(1) Der Verkäufer bietet unter dem Nutzernamen Agrios Buch unter der Plattform abebooks.de insbesondere Bücher an. Die folgenden Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen (AGB) gelten für die Geschäftsbeziehung zwischen dem Verkäufer und dem Kunden in ihrer zum Ze...More Information
Der Versand ins Ausland findet IMMER mit DHL statt. Auch nach Österreich verschicken wir nur mit DHL! Daher Standardversand == Luftpost!
accepted by seller
Check PayPal Invoice Bank/Wire Transfer