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Title: Ladoga and Onego - Great European Lakes
Publisher: Springer Okt 2009
Publication Date: 2009
Book Condition: Neu
About this title
Lakes Ladoga and Onego are the greatest lakes in Europe. With a surface area of 17891 km2 and a volume of 902 km3, the former is one of the top fifteen world’s freshwater lakes and is only slightly smaller than Lake Ontario. Lake Onego’s surface area is 9600 km2 and it has a volume of 292 km3. The watershed of Lake Ladoga (258000 km2) extends through Northwestern European Russia and the eastern part of Finland, including the large Lakes Ilmen and Saimaa, and together these Great European Lakes are an important link in the Caspian-Baltic-White Sea waterway system. Their ecological state affects the water quality of the Neva River, the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. Thus any changes affect the operational use, environmental protection and management of water resources of a wide area and concern such issues as drinking, recreation, transport and energy.
The anthropogenic impact on the Lake Onego ecosystem is mostly determined by the sewage waters of the Petrozavodsk and Kondopoga industrial centres, while the river inflow makes the most impact on Lake Ladoga. Although the anthropogenic stress on the water ecosystems of the Great European Lakes has decreased over the last 15 years, there has been some simultaneous evidence of global warming. There is not enough current data to identify the climate-induced changes in lake ecosystems, but there is proof that the main cause of lacustrine ecosystem changes is determined by anthropogenic factors.From the Back Cover:
This book studies the contemporary problems of the Great European Lakes – Ladoga and Onego - on both a regional and a global scale, placing special emphasis on interactions between the limnological and socio-economic environments. Field observations and numerical modeling are used to investigate the responsiveness of both environments to respective impacts, as well as to regional and global climate change. The authors, experts in a wide spectrum of natural and human sciences, use a quantitative approach to assess current and future changes to the interactions between the socio-economic dynamics and limnology of the largest European Lakes compared with the great North American Lakes.
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