The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

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9781452640525: The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate
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In The Revenge of Geography, Robert D. Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene. Kaplan traces the history of the world's hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppe's pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East. The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties: China, able to feed only twenty-three percent of its people from land that is only seven percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistan's porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, India's main enemy. Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this century's looming cataclysms.

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Review:

Advance praise for "The Revenge of Geography"
"Robert D. Kaplan wields geography like a scalpel, using it to examine international relations and conflicts that globalization fails to explain. "The Revenge of Geography" is a sagacious account of how geography has shaped the world we know--and what this means for the future. Kaplan's wedding of historical and present-day analysis on a region-by-region basis makes for a well-researched, entertaining, and informative read that cannot be ignored."--Ian Bremmer, president of Eurasia Group and author of "Every Nation for Itself"
"The importance of geography in shaping history is the great issue that Robert Kaplan tackles in this extraordinary book. Thirty years of scholarship and travel lie behind his recounting of human triumphs and conflicts through the ages. At the heart of his wide-ranging analysis is his belief in the abiding influence of geography on human behavior, now and in the future."--James Hoge, counselor, Council on Foreign Relations
"Geography is destiny. This is well known. History, too, is destiny. Sadly, few notice that the twenty-first-century will not see the end of history but the return of history. Robert Kaplan's "The Revenge of Geography" describes well how many old fault lines will once again reemerge. Kaplan bravely writes, 'America, I believe, will actually emerge in the course of the twenty-first century as a Polynesian-cum-mestizo civilization.' Why, then, have American strategic thinkers failed to anticipate the real challenges America will face? Kaplan's book provides a valuable wake-up call for them."--Kishore Mahbubani, author of "The Great Convergence"
"In this fascinating blend of geography and history, Robert Kaplan offers a compelling look at economic and political trends that will shape our future. Well written and brimming with insight and historical anecdotes, this smart book is a refreshing call to reconsider the pivotal role of geography in globa

"[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . ["The Revenge of Geography"]""displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet's geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present."--Malise Ruthven, "The New York Review of Books"
" "
"Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events."--"The National Interest"
" "
"Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic."--"The New Yorker"
"["The Revenge of Geography"] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan's realism and willingness to face hard facts make "The Revenge of Geography" a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought."--The Daily Beast
"[A] remarkable new book . . . With such books as "Balkan Ghosts" and "Monsoon, " Kaplan, an observer of world events who sees what others often do not, has already established himself as one of the most discerning geopolitical writers of our time. "The Revenge of Geography" cements his status."--"National Review"

"From the Hardcover edition."

[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . ["The Revenge of Geography"]" "displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet s geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present. Malise Ruthven, "The New York Review of Books"
""
Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events. "The National Interest"
""
Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic. "The New Yorker"
["The Revenge of Geography"] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan s realism and willingness to face hard facts make "The Revenge of Geography" a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought. The Daily Beast
[A] remarkable new book . . . With such books as "Balkan Ghosts" and "Monsoon, " Kaplan, an observer of world events who sees what others often do not, has already established himself as one of the most discerning geopolitical writers of our time. "The Revenge of Geography" cements his status. "National Review"

"From the Hardcover edition.""

[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet s geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present. Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books

Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events. The National Interest

Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic. The New Yorker
[The Revenge of Geography] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan s realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought. The Daily Beast
[A] remarkable new book . . . With such books as Balkan Ghosts and Monsoon, Kaplan, an observer of world events who sees what others often do not, has already established himself as one of the most discerning geopolitical writers of our time. The Revenge of Geography cements his status. National Review

From the Hardcover edition."

"[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet's geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present."--Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books

"Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events."--The National Interest

"Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic."--The New Yorker

"[The Revenge of Geography] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan's realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought."--The Daily Beast

"[A] remarkable new book . . . With such books as Balkan Ghosts and Monsoon, Kaplan, an observer of world events who sees what others often do not, has already established himself as one of the most discerning geopolitical writers of our time. The Revenge of Geography cements his status."--National Review

From the Hardcover edition.

About the Author:

Robert D. Kaplan is the author of over a dozen books on foreign affairs and travel, including Balkan Ghosts, Eastward to Tartary, and Warrior Politics.
Michael Prichard is a professional narrator and stage and film actor who has played several thousand characters during his career. An Audie Award winner, he has recorded well over five hundred books and has earned several AudioFile Earphones Awards. Michael was also named a Top Ten Golden Voice by SmartMoney magazine.

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ISBN 10:  0812982223 ISBN 13:  9780812982220
Publisher: Random House Inc, 2017
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