The Beauties of Wiltshire (Volume 1); Displayed in Statistical, Historical,

9781153985574: The Beauties of Wiltshire (Volume 1); Displayed in Statistical, Historical,
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1801. Excerpt: ... ted their lands to the yoke of military tenure, became the King's vassals, and did homage and fealty to his person. Here were first legalized the arbitrary feudal tenures, which afterwards proved so distressing and grinding to the English yeomanry. In the year 1107, this See was conferred on Bishop Roger (Chancellor and Chief Justiciary to Henry I.) who raised it to a pitch of strength and splendor, unrivalled in the kingdom. The buildings (says William of Malmsbury) were spacious; their appearance beautiful, and the expence very great. He particularly adorned the church of Sarum, and added many decorations to it. The author just quoted, says that, "the cathedral and episcopal palace appeared but one stone j the joints were so accurately closed: they yielded to none, and even exceeded most religious structures in England." The munificence and zeal of this bishop, who had fortified and embellished the castles of Sherborne, Devizes, and Sarum, excited the jealousy of King Stephen, who seized the possessions and castles of the proud prelate, and placed in old Sanim a governor and a garrison, alledging, as a pretext for his tyrannical conduct, that Roger was forming plans of refuge for the Empress Maud. Maud, who was then contending for the throne. This cruel conduct of the monarch hastened the bishop's death, which happened December, 1139. In the year 1116, King Henry I. convened his council of the lords spiritual and temporal, in this city; which, some authors have asserted, was the origin of English parliaments. The contentions which arose between the clergy and their military inmates, induced the former to hold frequent consultations in the time of Bishop Herbert, who was consecrated in 1194; and it was at length determined to remove the See to a more con...

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