Book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1753. Excerpt: ... CHAP. III. To the Friend. BEFORE I begin my instructions on this head, it is necessary to say something concerning the article of friendship itself* of which, I think, there are to be found three several sorts. An ingenious French writer has indeed divided them into many more; but as they all (except one) come under my second or third head, I shall not in this place follow his division. The first fort is that real, true, and reciprocal friendship, which was said to subsist between Pylades and Orestes, Castor and Pollux, and between several others, that are to be found in cerK 4 tain tain books----and perhaps no-where else The second is that fort of intercourse, where good-fellowship, good wine, and a certain fympathetical idleness, draw people together and in such a society, till they quarrel about some trifle or other, they generally choose to call one another by the name of Friend. The third sort is where one person has a real, capacity for the exercise of such friendship, as was shewn from Jonathan to David; and who from a desire of energizing this his favourite affection, has attached himself to an artful cunning man. It is in this third class alone, that my rules can properly be exercised* To all those, therefore, who, by the specious bait of pretended goodness and benevolence, have been so lucky as to have drawn on upon their hook one of these these gudgeons, I shall address the in structions in this chapter. In the first place, be very careful not to mistake your man. The marks by which you may know your proper dupes are as follow: An honest, open countenance is a very good sign : for there is much more m physiognomy, than people gene" rally seem to allow. If he talks in company greatly in praise of benevolence, good-nature, generosity, charity, &c. hold yourself in some doub...
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Perhaps the first extended non-fiction prose satire written by an English woman, Jane Collier's An Essay on the Art of Ingeniously Tormenting (1753) is a wickedly satirical send-up of eighteenth-century advice manuals and educational tracts. It takes the form of a mock advice manual in which the speaker instructs her readers in the arts of tormenting, offering advice on how to torment servants, humble companions and spouses, and on how to bring one's children up to be a torment to others. The work's satirical style, which focuses on the different kinds of power that individuals exercise over one another, follows in the footsteps of Jonathan Swift and paves the way for Jane Austen.
This Broadview edition uses the first edition, the only edition published during the author's lifetime. The appendices include excerpts from texts that influenced the essay (by Sarah Fielding, Jonathan Swift, Francis Coventry); excerpts from later texts that were influenced by it (by Maria Edgeworth, Frances Burney, Jane Austen); and relevant writings on education and conduct (by John Locke, George Savile, Dr. John Gregory).About the Author:
Audrey Bilger is an Associate Professor of Literature at Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, CA. She is the author of Laughing Feminism: Subversive Comedy in Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth, and Jane Austen.
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