Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

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9780471047551: Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.

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From the Back Cover:

An updated and expanded translation of the highly popular Russian textbook, Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter examines equilibrium and kinetic properties of matter--gas, liquid, and solid--using the general principles of thermodynamics and kinetic theory. Readable and accessible throughout, this book provides both thermodynamic and statistical points of view, covering thermodynamic potentials, such as entropy and free energy, whenever relevant.

The book takes a fresh approach to its subject matter, focusing equally on condensed matter and gases. It compares rarefied and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems, and real and ideal gases. Central to the book are intermolecular interactions, and the process by which they lead matter into a change of state. The author discusses the solid, crystalline phase, showing how it can be manipulated by lattice vibration as well as by thermal pressure. In addition, this is the only book in which the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas/liquid interface is used for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension.

Another major theme investigated here is the irreversible transfer properties of matter, such as diffusion and viscosity, heat and electric conductivity. The book presents the hypothesis of "local equilibrium," which facilitates the calculation of the fluxes of matter, heat, or charge-- comparing them and predicting the resultant density and temperature dependencies of transport coefficients. Examples from situations when local equilibrium is absent are also included.

Finally, the book covers all reversible processes subject to the principles of thermodynamics. This is especially useful in experimental applications--optimizing the work of heat engines and pumps; providing methods for the condensation of gases into liquids; and explaining various phenomena such as phase equilibrium and transitions, surface tension, and thermal radiation.

Addressing a broad audience, and using inductive logic and many illustrations, Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter leads the reader from basic phenomena to advanced models, and provides from the outset opportunities for experimental work in related fields of physics and physical chemistry.

This highly original book about the kinetic properties of the microparticles constituting gases, liquids, and solids--as well as light--is an updated version of a very popular Russian text. Dealing with areas of molecular physics, this edition updates all information, covering elementary statistical mechanics and kinetic theory, and expanding the Russian text to include thermodynamics.

Particularly innovative are the methods--exclusive to this book--for calculating surface structure within quasi-thermodynamics. Also unique is the comparison between rarefied and condensed matter, which is not offered in any other text.

Addressing both students and advanced researchers, the book assumes only a general math and classical mechanics background, allowing the reader to progress quickly from the introductory material to complex topics. It provides:
* Rigorous quantitative treatment of all phenomena, useful for starting experiments in related fields of physics and physical chemistry
* Comprehensive coverage of molecular and photon gases, liquids and solids-- for students and faculty in physics
* A unique treatment of solid and liquid equations of state--for researchers in thermophysics and physical chemistry
* 150 illustrations and references on experimental data for equations of state, orthometric curves, the knots of compressibility factor isotherms, as well as liquid-gas interface
* Several of the author's own original results
* An extensive list of suggested readings for both fundamental and in-depth study

About the Author:

ANATOLY I. BURSHTEIN is Professor of Chemistry at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. Formerly a professor of physics at Novosibirsk State University in the USSR, he also founded, then headed for two decades, the Theoretical Chemistry Lab in Siberia for the USSR's Academy of Science. Professor Burshtein has published over 200 articles and eight books, most recently Spectroscopy of Molecular Rotation in Gases and Liquids (1994). In the mid-1960s, Professor Burshtein became politically active as founder and president of Under Integral, a young scientists' club that advocated scientific and cultural freedom of expression. The group was disbanded by Soviet officials after it sponsored a festival of underground music, and Professor Burshtein was subjected to travel restrictions and limited scientific contacts. It was while he was under these restrictions that he founded the Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory.

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Anatoly I. Burshtein
Published by Wiley-VCH (1995)
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