John J. Macionis Society: The Basics

ISBN 13: 9780135018828

Society: The Basics

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9780135018828: Society: The Basics

Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life

  

John Macionis shares his enthusiasm, excitement and teaching experience with a clear and engaging writing style that connects with students. Macionis', Society: The Basics, 10th edition is designed to help students see the relevance of the sociological theories and ideas that inform their own lives.

 

Four main themes are found throughout the text:

Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life

Social Diversity

Global Comparisons

Critical Thinking

 

The new edition has an innovate new design, contemporary and compelling student applications, plus a wealth of author-written and author-managed supplemental material. This revision elevates Society's high standard of excellence, ensuring that it remains one of the foremost introductory sociology resources for students and instructors alike.

"synopsis" may belong to another edition of this title.

Review:

KEY CHANGES

 

  • Student Annotations: Every 2 page spread has 2 types of student annotations:
    • Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life (helping students apply sociology's perspective and content to their own lives)
    • Making the Grade (material directly aimed at helping them succeed in their course).
  • Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life photo essays: Each chapter ends with a one-page photo essay that develops a key theme of the chapter in terms of everyday experiences and popular culture.
    • For example, Chapter 1 shows how societal forces guide the marriage choices of celebrities
  • Seeing Sociology in the News: This feature, which appears in each chapter, is a recent news story from the popular press (New York Times, Newsweek, Rolling Stone, Slate, Wall Street Journal, and other sources) that illustrates the power of sociology to make sense of everyday events and trends.
  • Maps and figures come alive with annotation "balloons": Maps balloons explain how where you live has real-life consequences for people, amplifying the Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life theme. Figure balloons point out key patterns and trends, amplifying the Making the Grade theme.
  • A New Look: The design of Society 10/e has been developed to engage student readers, who are the most visually-oriented generation to ever attend college.
  • Refined "Making the Grade" end-of-chapter material: Each chapter ends with a complete and attractive "Visual Summary" revised to make reviewing content even easier.
  • The latest available statistical data (for 2006, 2007, and even 2008) are used in every case; hundreds of new research studies direct and support the revision.

 

 

CHAPTER-BY-CHAPTER CHANGES 

 

Chapter 1: Sociology

  • Updated data on society's influence on family size
  • Data on suicide rates for various categories of the U.S. population continue to support Durkheim's theory
  • "Seeing Sociology in the News" features explains how "rogue sociologist" Sudhir Venkatesh studies street gangs in a Chicago public housing project
  • Revised discussion of research methodologies contrasts positivist, interpretive, and critical approaches; all of the illustrations of major research methods are now followed by "Critical review" discussions
  • Student dialogue opens the final Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life box
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” Photo Essay- “If You Want to Observe ‘Em, Join ‘Em”    

 

Chapter 2: Culture

  • Update on the popularity of instant messaging
  • Latest data on state laws naming English as the official language
  • Cultural values figures around the world has been revised to reflect new data from the World Values Survey
  • Expanded discussion of the effects of post-industrial technology on culture
  • Thinking About Diversity box examines the importance of race, class, and gender in the development of rock and roll and U.S. popular culture
  • Discussion of global culture now considers the fact that most the world's Web pages are written in English
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“Stepping into Celebrity Shoes”   

 

Chapter 3: Socialization: From Infancy to Old Age

  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” box asks how our society defines becoming an "adult" point to many different factors
  • Expanded discussion of the importance of schooling to the socialization process
  • "Critical Review" section on agents of socialization survey
  • Expanded discussion on childhood with a look at the "hurried child" syndrome—the idea that today's children are growing up too quickly
  • Student dialogue opens the Controversy & Debate box on human freedom
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“Never Too Young for That First Pedicure”  

 

Chapter 4: Social Interaction in Everyday Life

  • Revised Chapter Opener offers an "everyday life" feeling with added dialogue
  • "Your Turn" exercise asks students to think of Internet sites—including MySpace, Xanga, Facebook, and YouTube—in terms of the social construction of reality
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” box allows students to explore the world of virtual interaction at the Second Life web site
  • There is an update on the share of married women who keep their own names
  • Student dialogue has been added to another Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life boxes
  • "Bubbles" added to all the Global Maps to put global patterns in personal terms
  • Several new insights have been added to the discussion of humor
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday” Life photo essay-“Putting Your Best Cyberface Forward”    

 

Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations

  • “Seeing Sociology in the News” discusses Facebook as new type of network that is popular among college students
  • Updated statistics on the share of college students who have participated in some volunteer activity with the last year
  • Revised data on race and gender in the U.S. workforce
  • Expanded discussion of McDonaldization
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“The Death of E-Mail”  

 

Chapter 6: Sexuality and Society

  • Student-to-student dialogue in the Chapter Opening presents recent research on sexual activity among high-school students
  • Revised chapter information on state laws concerning gay marriage and domestic partnerships as well as first-cousin marriages
  • Survey data showing public attitudes about: premarital sex, extramarital sex, homosexuality, pornography, and abortion
  • Latest research data on the number of teenage pregnancies and cases of rape in the United States has been incorporated
  • The social-conflict discussion of sexuality now focuses more explicitly on feminist analysis
  • Student-to-student dialogue has been added to the “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” box on the pattern of "hooking up" and to Controversy & Debate on the abortion controversy
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“Campus Sexperts”    

 

Chapter 7: Deviance

  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” box on cheating in everyday life has been updated and has new student-to-student dialogue
  • Expanded discussion of secondary deviance
  • “Your Turn” question asks students to consider the use of "rehab" by celebrities as a case of the medicalization of deviance
  • Statistical updates on: punishment given to white-collar offenders, deaths in the nation's coal mines, hate crimes, gun ownership, the number of police officers, other types of crime data
  • Revised maps and figures have new "balloon" captions that help students understand key patterns
  • Major new discussion of the death penalty
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay- More Than 1 in 100 Adults Are Now in Prison in United States”

 

Chapter 8: Social Stratification

  • Reworked analysis of social inequality over the course of Britain's history
  • Updates about stratification in Russia and China
  • Discussion of global income inequality and the Kuznets curve have been expanded
  • Statistical updates on: economic data by race and gender, family income and wealth, educational achievement for the U.S. population, how class standing affects the money parents have available to raise children, pay for the top-earning CEOs, and data on poverty
  • Expanded discussion of homelessness with new data on the extent of this problem
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay- “Middle-Class Americans Increasingly Downbeat about Their Short-Term Economic Progress”

 

Chapter 9: Global Stratification

  • The latest numbers on: which nations fall into low-, middle-, and high-income categories, profiling the world's wealthiest people, reporting the extent of worldwide income inequality, per capita income, quality of life for nations around the world, and debt of low-income nations to high-income countries
  • Maps and figures now have real-life descriptive data in the "balloon" captions
  • Global Snapshot on women's access to health care when they give birth has all new data
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay- “Bottom of the Barrel”    

 

Chapter 10: Gender Stratification

  • The most recent data from the United Nations on which nations come closest to gender equality (and which remained furthest from that goal)
  • Data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor highlighting: the share of women in the labor force, the concentration of women and men in certain categories of jobs, and the income of women and men
  • Latest data presented on the share of top U.S. corporations headed by women
  • Study findings by the U.S. Small Business Administration on the increasing number of small businesses owned by women
  • Latest achievements presented as more women move to center stage in U.S. politics, including gender breakdown of elected leaders at the state and national levels
  • Updated discussion of women in the military
  • Research reported linking women's leadership to greater profits by large corporations
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay- “Don’t Judge Me by My Tights”    

 

Chapter 11: Race and Ethnicity

  • Updates on the statistics of: U.S. births recorded as racially-mixed, minimum wage earned by immigrant, immigrants entering the country each year, income, poverty, and schooling for all racial and ethnic categories
  • "Check Your Learning" has been added to the prejudice theory section
  • Latest information on minority political leaders at the local and national levels incorporated
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay- “Who Are We?  New Dialogue on Mixed Race”    

 

Chapter 12: Economy and Work

  • Opening vignette updated with the latest information about the continuing expansion of the Wal-Mart corporation;
  • Updates on:
    • Government employment
    • Employment rates by gender, race, and ethnicity
    • The share of the U.S. workforce in farming, blue-collar, and white-collar jobs
    • Union membership
    • The rate of self-employment, especially among women
    • Unemployment
    • The share of the largest corporations headed by women and other minorities
    • Tax breaks given to large corporations
  • Explanation of the value of a college degree in lowering the risk of unemployment
  • “Global Sociology” box explains how Denmark does a remarkable job combining prosperity, equality, and political freedom
  • Discussion of politics includes updates on:
    • Democracy around the world
    • The size of government in the United States
    • Special-interest groups and political action committees in U.S. politics
    • The number of terrorist attacks around the world
    • National and global military spending
  • Updated and expanded discussion of the loss of voting rights by people convicted of serious crimes
  • Student Annotations have been added throughout
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“Across Globe, Empty Bellies Bring Rising Anger”    

 

Chapter 13: Family and Religion

  • Updated statistics on:
    • the cost of raising children
    • the increasing number of grandparents in the United States
    • poverty rates among various categories of U.S. families
    • patterns of family violence
    • and the number of young women who are single
  • Expanded discussion of remarriage and blended families
  • Legal changes since the last edition was published require major rewriting of the section on gay and lesbian couples (now current to mid-2008)
  • Religion section of the chapter includes updates on the share of college students with a religious preference
  • Expanded discussion of new age spirituality
  • Discussion of religious "churning" by which almost half of U.S. adults have switched religious affiliation at least once
  • Student Annotations have been added throughout,
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life photo” essay-“American Dating—Muslim Style”    

 

Chapter 14: Education, Health, and Medicine

  • Chapter opening story has been revised
  • Updates on all educational measures:
    • The number of U.S. children in school
    • School dropout rates
    • Lifetime earnings of college graduates
  • Updated and Expanded discussion of school shootings, with recent cases
  • Expanded coverage of dropping out, with data on ten major urban school systems where less than half of all children graduate from     high school
  • Revised discussions of for-profit schools and adult education updated to include the latest data and trends
  • Health and medicine section of the chapter has updates on:
    • Smoking and gender
    • Smoking among college students
    • Social patterns related to sexually-transmitted diseases
    • The latest numbers and trends in the battle against AIDS
    • The latest on the trend toward universal health care coverage
  • “Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life” photo essay-“Community College; Dream Catchers”   

 

Chapter 15: Population, Urbanization, and the Environment

  • All data has been updated to the very latest available
  • Several new examples have also been added throughout the chapter
  • Discussion of demographic transition theory  has been revised for greater clarity
  • Several new "Your Turn" questions have been added to engage students in the material
  • Discussion of Sunbelt cities and urban regions have been updated
  • Revised and expanded discussion of the logic of growth linking our culture to environmental stress
  • "Grandma Macionis" box has been rewritten
  • Major revision and update on global warming
  • Student dialogue has been added to t...

About the Author:

John J. Macionis  was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He earned a bachelor’s degree from Cornell University and a doctorate in sociology from the University of Pennsylvania.

 

John Macionis' publications are wide-ranging, focusing on community life in the United States, interpersonal intimacy in families, effective teaching, humor, new information technology, and the importance of global education. .

 

In addition, John Macionis and Nijole V. Benokraitis have edited the best-selling anthology Seeing Ourselves: Classic, Contemporary, and Cross-Cultural Readings in Sociology. Macionis and Vincent Parrillo have written the leading urban studies text, Cities and Urban Life (Prentice Hall). Macionis’s most recent textbook is Social Problems (Prentice Hall).

 

John Macionis is Professor and Distinguished Scholar of Sociology at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, where he has taught for almost thirty years. During that time, he has chaired the Sociology Department, directed the college’s multidisciplinary program in humane studies, presided over the campus senate and the college’s faculty, and taught sociology to thousands of students.

 

In 2002, the American Sociological Association presented Macionis with the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Teaching, citing his innovative use of global material as well as the introduction of new teaching technology in his textbooks.

 

Professor Macionis has been active in academic programs in other countries, having traveled to some fifty nations. He writes, “I am an ambitious traveler, eager to learn and, through the texts, to share much of what I discover with students, many of whom know little about the rest of the world. For me, traveling and writing are all dimensions of teaching. First, and foremost, I am a teacher—a passion for teaching animates everything I do.”

 

At Kenyon, Macionis teaches a number of courses, but his favorite class is Introduction to Sociology, which he offers every semester. He enjoys extensive contact with students and invites everyone enrolled in each of his classes to enjoy a home-cooked meal.

 

The Macionis family—John, Amy, and children McLean and Whitney—live on a farm in rural Ohio. In his free time, Macionis enjoys tennis, swimming, hiking, and playing oldies rock-and-roll (he recently released his first CD). Macionis is as an environmental activist in the Lake George region of New York’s Adirondack Mountains, working with a number of organizations, including the Lake George Land Conservancy, where he serves as president of the board of trustees.

 

"About this title" may belong to another edition of this title.

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