Individual Differences and Personality

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9780124160095: Individual Differences and Personality

How do we come to be who we are? Why do we differ in our personalities? How do these differences matter in life? Individual Differences and Personality aims to describe how and why personality varies among people. Unlike books that focus on individual theorists, this book focuses on current research and theory on the nature of personality and related individual differences. The book begins by discussing how personality is measured, the concept of a personality trait, and the basic dimensions of personality. This leads to a discussion of the origins of personality, with descriptions of its developmental course, its biological causes, its genetic and environmental influences, and its evolutionary function. The concept of a personality disorder is then described, followed by a discussion of the influence of personality on life outcomes in relationships, work, and health. Finally, the book examines the important differences between individuals in the realms of mental abilities, of beliefs and attitudes, and of behavior.



  • Presents a scientific approach to personality and related individual differences, as well as theory and research on the fundamental questions about human psychological variation
  • New edition presents findings from dozens of new research studies of the past six years
  • Includes new chapter on vocational interests and a revised chapter on personality disorders reflecting DSM-5 formulation
  • Contains streamlined descriptions of measurement concepts and heritability research
  • Includes various boxes containing interesting asides that help to maintain the student’s attention.

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Product Description:

Designed for upper level undergraduate and graduate level students inquiring about the psychology of personality and individual differences, this textbook focuses on the personality traits and related characteristics that make each person unique. Basic principles of personality measurement are explained and crucial scientific questions of personality psychology are examined via a reader-friendly style and various boxes of interesting asides to keep students' attention. Unlike lower-level texts written from a historical perspective that concentrate solely on theory, this textbook summarizes and integrates the contemporary research available about individual differences. * Integrates research findings with real life outcomes explaining why personality leads to successes or failures in life * Discusses healthy personalities as well as personality disorders * New chapter on vocational interests and personality *35% revised * Well reviewed in its first edition * Unique coverage of the evolutionary basis for personality * Strong coverage of biology, genetics, neuroscience of personality * Testbank for professors

Review:

"Ashton presents this text on personality development, assessment, and pathology… A wide variety of measurement instruments and theoretical frameworks are presented, often accompanied by illustrative diagrams or placed in supplementary text-boxes." --Reference & Research Book News, 2013

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Ashton, Michael C.
Published by Academic Press (2013)
ISBN 10: 0124160093 ISBN 13: 9780124160095
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