The four terrorist bombs that exploded in London on 7 July 2005 killed 56 people, including the bombers, and injured more than 700. This narrative summarises what the police, intelligence and security agencies have so far discovered about the bombers and how and why they came to do what they did. The first section details what is known of the bombers' movements on the day, from CCTV and witness accounts. The immediate aftermath is then described, looking at the police and intelligence effort and the Government response until the identification of the four bombers, Shehzad Tanweer, Mohammad Sidique Khan, Hasib Hussain and Jermaine Lindsay. The next section examines why the four men became suicide bombers. The backgrounds of the four men appear largely unexceptional, and there is little to mark them out as particularly vulnerable to radicalisation. Khan, Tanweer and Hussain were apparently well integrated into British society. Lindsay appears to have had more instability at various points in his life, but not exceptionally so. A common factor for Khan, Tanweer and Hussain was the social life around the mosques, youth clubs, gyms and Islamic bookshop in Beeston on the outskirts of Leeds, and group bonding through outdoor activities. Khan was a leading figure here, and Tanweer and Hussain became close to him. Lindsay was the outsider of the group: he converted to Islam in 2000, and it is believed that he was strongly influenced by an extremist preacher, and met Khan when he lived in the Huddersfield area. Their motivation appears to be typical of similar cases: fierce antagonism to perceived injustices by the West against Muslims and a desire for martyrdom. The next section examines visits abroad, especially to Pakistan, and possible contact with Al Qaida figures. Annexes cover: the evolution of Al Qaida and its associated groups; radicalisation in context; timeline of the evolution of the terrorist threat; timeline of the four individuals. The report concludes that there is still much more to be discovered about how the group were radicalised, how the bombings were planned and executed and whether others were involved.
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