Patrick Leon Abbott Natural Disasters

ISBN 13: 9780073369372

Natural Disasters

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9780073369372: Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters, 8th edition, is marked by major changes in organization and expanded coverage of weather and climate. The discussion of natural disasters is based on 4 main energy flows: 1) Earth's internal energy flow underlies earthquakes and volcanoes, 2) the external energy flow from the Sun fuels weather and climate including tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, wildfires, 3) gravity acts to pull down mass movements of earth and snow, and 4) impacts with asteroids and comets can have major effects on life. The book focuses on the Earth's natural processes and the disasters that occur when the Earth concentrates its energy and releases it to causing death and destruction. Throughout the book, certain themes are maintained:

  • energy sources underlying disasters
  • plate tectonics and climate change;
  • earth processes operating in rock, water, and atmosphere;
  • significance of geologic time;
  • complexities of multiple variables operating simultaneously;
  • detailed and readable case studies.
  • "synopsis" may belong to another edition of this title.

    From the Publisher:

    Updated Internet References and the addition of Internet questions at the end of each chapter.
    You may choose to package Natural Disasters with The Smithsonian's Journey Through Geology: Earthquakes and Volcanoes version CD-ROM. This CD-ROM provides students with an active, hands-on learning experience. Viewing earthquake footage, building their own volcano, and flying over areas like Mount St. Helen's are just some of the topics you'll see on this CD-ROM.
    Critical Thinking Questions have been added to the end of the chapters.
    A thorough updating of material has been incorporated into the third edition. Major revisions in the following chapters have been instituted:

    Chapter 6: Volcanoes now includes expanded coverage of how a volcano erupts and information on decompression melting. Additional material has also been added on Vesuvius eruption history and consideration of the future, better dating of Mt. Mazama (Crater Lake) eruption, and Krakatau eruption to include pryclastic flows crossing the sea to nearby islands.

    Chapter 9: Climate Change has a new section on La Nina and expanded coverage of numerous topics: 1) weather vs climate; 2) water vapor; 3) greenhouse effect today; 4) methane hydrates; 5) the current Ice Age; 6) Younger Dryas; 7) Little Ice Age; 8) El Nino; 9) Tambora eruption effects

    Chapter 10: Severe Weather has new sections on: 1) ice storms; 2) tornadoes and cities; 3) safe rooms. In addition, the following sections have been expanded: 1) Coriolis effect; 2) jet streams; 3) fronts; 4) lightning - how to avoid; 5) how a tornado works.

    Chapter 11: Hurricanes and the Coastline has been significantly revised to include new sections on: 1) hurricane energy release; 2) the eye of the hurricane; 3) hurricane origins - Cape Verde vs Caribbean; 4) hurricane paths; 5) North Atlantic oscilllation and the Bermuda high; 6) forecasting the hurricane season; 7) case histories of Mitch and Pauline; and 8) the evacuation dilemma. Revised and expanded sections include: 1) how a hurricane works; 2) hurricane frequencies; and 3) hurricane damage.

    Chapter 12: Floods now includes more information on: 1) gauging stations; 2) problems for cars crossing flood waters, 3) lengthy development of Red River of North flooding in 1997; 4) societal response to floods.

    Chapter 13: Fire has new sections including: 1) fuel categories; 2) winds affecting fires; 3) fire suppression; 4) the Western U.S., summer 2000; 5) prescribed fires; 6) Los Alamos/Cerro Grande fire in 2000.
    Over 50 diagrams have been revised and replaced in the new third edition.

    From the Publisher:

    Earthquake coverage is now two chapters (it had been three chapters) and volcano coverage is now two chapters (it had been one chapter).
    Updated Internet References and the addition of Internet questions at the end of each chapter.
    Updated with the most recent events and current data (throughout).
    Optional package with The Smithsonian's Journey Through Geology: Earthquakes and Volcanoes version CD-ROM.
    The Energy Theme is discussed throughout. Release of gravitational energy is discussed in the mass wasting chapter (8) and the sun's heat energy is discussed as the cause of severe weather disasters. Initial discussion is found in chapter 1.
    Critical Thinking Questions have been added to the end of the chapters.

    "About this title" may belong to another edition of this title.

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