1. Don Quixote
Miguel De Cervantes
The story of the gentle knight and his servant Sancho Panza has entranced readers for centuries.
2. Pilgrim's Progress
The one with the Slough of Despond and Vanity Fair.
3. Robinson Crusoe
The first English novel.
4. Gulliver's Travels
A wonderful satire that still works for all ages, despite the savagery of Swift's vision.
5. Tom Jones
The adventures of a high-spirited orphan boy: an unbeatable plot and a lot of sex ending in a blissful marriage.
One of the longest novels in the English language, but unputdownable.
7. Tristram Shandy
One of the first bestsellers, dismissed by Dr Johnson as too fashionable for its own good.
8. Dangerous Liaisons
Pierre Choderlos De Laclos
An epistolary novel and a handbook for seducers: foppish, French, and ferocious.
Near impossible choice between this and Pride and Prejudice. But Emma never fails to fascinate and annoy.
Inspired by spending too much time with Shelley and Byron.
11. Nightmare Abbey
Thomas Love Peacock
A classic miniature: a brilliant satire on the Romantic novel.
12. The Black Sheep
Honore De Balzac
Two rivals fight for the love of a femme fatale. Wrongly overlooked.
13. The Charterhouse of Parma
Penetrating and compelling chronicle of life in an Italian court in post-Napoleonic France.
14. The Count of Monte Cristo
A revenge thriller also set in France after Bonaparte: a masterpiece of adventure writing.
Apart from Churchill, no other British political figure shows literary genius.
16. David Copperfield
This highly autobiographical novel is the one its author liked best.
17. Wuthering Heights
Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff have passed into the language. Impossible to ignore.
18. Jane Eyre
Obsessive emotional grip and haunting narrative.
19. Vanity Fair
William Makepeace Thackeray
The improving tale of Becky Sharp.
20. The Scarlet Letter
A classic investigation of the American mind.
'Call me Ishmael' is one of the most famous opening sentences of any novel.
22. Madame Bovary
You could summarise this as a story of adultery in provincial France, and miss the point entirely.
23. The Woman in White
Gripping mystery novel of concealed identity, abduction, fraud and mental cruelty.
24. Alice's Adventures In Wonderland
A story written for the nine-year-old daughter of an Oxford don that still baffles most kids.
25. Little Women
Louisa M. Alcott
Victorian bestseller about a New England family of girls.
26. The Way We Live Now
A majestic assault on the corruption of late Victorian England.
27. Anna Karenina
The supreme novel of the married woman's passion for a younger man.
28. Daniel Deronda
A passion and an exotic grandeur that is strange and unsettling.
29. The Brothers Karamazov
Mystical tragedy by the author of Crime and Punishment.
30. The Portrait of a Lady
The story of Isabel Archer shows James at his witty and polished best.
31. Huckleberry Finn
Twain was a humorist, but this picture of Mississippi life is profoundly moral and still incredibly influential.
32. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Robert Louis Stevenson
A brilliantly suggestive, resonant study of human duality by a natural storyteller.
33. Three Men in a Boat
Jerome K. Jerome
One of the funniest English books ever written.
34. The Picture of Dorian Gray
A coded and epigrammatic melodrama inspired by his own tortured homosexuality.
35. The Diary of a Nobody
This classic of Victorian suburbia will always be renowned for the character of Mr Pooter.
36. Jude the Obscure
Its savage bleakness makes it one of the first twentieth-century novels.
37. The Riddle of the Sands
A prewar invasion-scare spy thriller by a writer later shot for his part in the Irish republican rising.
38. The Call of the Wild
The story of a dog who joins a pack of wolves after his master's death.
Conrad's masterpiece: a tale of money, love and revolutionary politics.
40. The Wind in the Willows
This children's classic was inspired by bedtime stories for Grahame's son.
41. In Search of Lost Time
An unforgettable portrait of Paris in the belle epoque. Probably the longest novel on this list.
42. The Rainbow
D. H. Lawrence
Novels seized by the police, like this one, have a special afterlife.
43. The Good Soldier
Ford Madox Ford
This account of the adulterous lives of two Edwardian couples is a classic of unreliable narration.
44. The Thirty-Nine Steps
A classic adventure story for boys, jammed with action, violence and suspense.
Also pursued by the British police, this is a novel more discussed than read.
46. Mrs Dalloway
Secures Woolf's position as one of the great twentieth-century English novelists.
47. A Passage to India
E. M. Forster
The great novel of the British Raj, it remains a brilliant study of empire.
48. The Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The quintessential Jazz Age novel.
49. The Trial
The enigmatic story of Joseph K.
50. Men Without Women
He is remembered for his novels, but it was the short stories that first attracted notice.
51. Journey to the End of the Night
The experiences of an unattractive slum doctor during the Great War: a masterpiece of linguistic innovation.
52. As I Lay Dying
A strange black comedy by an American master.
53. Brave New World
Dystopian fantasy about the world of the seventh century AF (after Ford).
The supreme Fleet Street novel
John Dos Passos
An extraordinary trilogy that uses a variety of narrative devices to express the story of America.
56. The Big Sleep
Introducing Philip Marlowe: cool, sharp, handsome - and bitterly alone.
57. The Pursuit Of Love
An exquisite comedy of manners with countless fans.
58. The Plague
A mysterious plague sweeps through the Algerian town of Oran.
59. Nineteen Eighty-Four
This tale of one man's struggle against totalitarianism has been appropriated the world over.
60. Malone Dies
Part of a trilogy of astonishing monologues in the black comic voice of the author of Waiting for Godot.
61. Catcher in the Rye
A week in the life of Holden Caulfield. A cult novel that still mesmerises.
62. Wise Blood
A disturbing novel of religious extremism set in the Deep South.
63. Charlotte's Web
E. B. White
How Wilbur the pig was saved by the literary genius of a friendly spider.
64. The Lord Of The Rings
J. R. R. Tolkien
65. Lucky Jim
An astonishing debut: the painfully funny English novel of the Fifties.
66. Lord of the Flies
Schoolboys become savages: a bleak vision of human nature.
67. The Quiet American
Prophetic novel set in 1950s Vietnam.
68. On the Road
The Beat Generation bible.
Humbert Humbert's obsession with Lolita is a tour de force of style and narrative.
70. The Tin Drum
Hugely influential, Rabelaisian novel of Hitler's Germany.
71. Things Fall Apart
Nigeria at the beginning of colonialism. A classic of African literature.
72. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
A writer who made her debut in The Observer - and her prose is like cut glass.
73. To Kill A Mockingbird
Scout, a six-year-old girl, narrates an enthralling story of racial prejudice in the Deep South.
'[He] would be crazy to fly more missions and sane if he didn't, but if he was sane he had to fly them. If he flew them he was crazy and didn't have to; if he didn't want to he was sane and had to.'
Adultery and nervous breakdown in Chicago.
76. One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
A postmodern masterpiece.
77. Mrs Palfrey at the Claremont
A haunting, understated study of old age.
78. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
John Le Carre
A thrilling elegy for post-imperial Britain.
79. Song of Solomon
The definitive novelist of the African-American experience.
80. The Bottle Factory Outing
Macabre comedy of provincial life.
81. The Executioner's Song
This quasi-documentary account of the life and death of Gary Gilmore is possibly his masterpiece.
82. If on a Winter's Night a Traveller
A strange, compelling story about the pleasures of reading.
83. A Bend in the River
V. S. Naipaul
The finest living writer of English prose. This is his masterpiece: edgily reminiscent of Heart of Darkness.
84. Waiting for the Barbarians
Bleak but haunting allegory of apartheid by the Nobel prizewinner.
Haunting, poetic story, drowned in water and light, about three generations of women.
Seething vision of Glasgow. A Scottish classic.
87. The New York Trilogy
Dazzling metaphysical thriller set in the Manhattan of the 1970s.
88. The BFG
A bestseller by the most popular postwar writer for children of all ages.
89. The Periodic Table
A prose poem about the delights of chemistry.
The novel that bags Amis's place on any list.
91. An Artist of the Floating World
A collaborator from prewar Japan reluctantly discloses his betrayal of friends and family.
92. Oscar And Lucinda
A great contemporary love story set in nineteenth-century Australia by double Booker prizewinner.
93. The Book of Laughter and Forgetting
Inspired by the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, this is a magical fusion of history, autobiography and ideas.
94. Haroun and the Sea af Stories
In this entrancing story Rushdie plays with the idea of narrative itself.
95. LA Confidential
Three LAPD detectives are brought face to face with the secrets of their corrupt and violent careers.
96. Wise Children
A theatrical extravaganza by a brilliant exponent of magic realism.
Acclaimed short-story writer achieves a contemporary classic of mesmerising narrative conviction.
98. Northern Lights
Lyra's quest weaves fantasy, horror and the play of ideas into a truly great contemporary children's book.
99. American Pastoral
For years, Roth was famous for Portnoy's Complaint. Recently, he has enjoyed an extraordinary revival.
W. G. Sebald
Posthumously published volume in a sequence of dream-like fictions spun from memory, photographs and the German past.