Fleming. Ian Fleming.
Doesn't have quite the same ring to it as the more famous Bond. James Bond. Nevertheless, the creator of the charming rogue spy was English author and journalist Ian Lancaster Fleming, born in London in 1908. Fleming was raised in England, part of a privileged upper-class family with as much prestige, respect and social standing as wealth. When Fleming's father, Valentine Fleming, died, his obituary was written by Winston Churchill.
Fleming attended Eton and was always fascinated by words, studying languages such as German and French, and developing an interest in writing early on. It ran in the family - his brother Peter was a travel writer. Fleming also had a keen interest in military and government and was a personal assistant and Intelligence officer in the Royal Navy during World War II. His experiences and work during the war likely provided background for his James Bond stories, and many of the people, places and particulars of his novels are purported to be based on real details of Fleming's life. For instance, during his time in the Naval Reserve, his known code name was 17F, which could have given him the later idea for Agent 007. The prep school he attended growing up was next to the estate of a family called Bond, whose family motto was "The World is Not Enough". And during his time in WWII, Fleming was integral in developing a secret communication plan whose code name was Operation Goldeneye.
Fleming wrote 14 books in all about the exploits of the dashing secret agent: Casino Royale (1953), Live and Let Die (1954), Moonraker (1955), Diamonds Are Forever (1956), From Russia with Love (1957), Dr. No (1958), Goldfinger (1959), For Your Eyes Only (1960), Thunderball (1961), The Spy Who Loved Me (1962), On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963), You Only Live Twice (1964), The Man with the Golden Gun (1965), and Octopussy and The Living Daylights (1966).
While he is best known for James Bond, Fleming also wrote two non-fiction books, (The Diamond Smugglers (1957) and Thrilling Cities (1963)) as well as a children's book, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1964).
Fleming was a heavy smoker and drinker. After a heart attack in 1961, he succumbed to his next one and died in 1964. To commemorate the centenary of Fleming's birth, a book titled, Devil May Care by Sebastian Faulks (writing as Ian Fleming) was released in 2008 and breathed new life into Bond.There were other writers who tried their hand at the James Bond franchise, including Kingsley Amis (writing as Robert Markham) and John Gardner.